Resume Formats - Chronological Resume, Functional Resume, and Combination Resume
Resume formats can basically be divided into 3 types. The resume format you select will depend on how you wish to present your qualifications to prospective employers. Since each individual possesses a unique set of talents, skills, abilities, experience, and training, there is no one format that best suits everyone. However, it is essential to choose the appropriate resume format suited to your individual circumstances.
Resume Format 1 - Chronological Resume
In Chronological Resume Format, you identify information in reverse chronological order, with your most recent experience listed first. Chronological Resume Format is the easiest to prepare and seem to be the most popular style used. Chronological Resume Format is very effective if most of your work experience directly relates to your job objectives. Many job seekers with limited experience also find Chronological Resume Format suitable.
This resume format is preferred among conventional or conservative employers. Chronological resume is the traditional resume format. Something to keep in mind with this format, however, is that it will not stand out from other resumes. It works best for individuals who have progressed in titles and responsibility in one position, have refrained from job-hopping, having worked in one field and are seeking another position in that same area, or have a good work history.
Samples of Chronological Resume
Resume Format 2 - Functional Resume
Resume format written in the functional form places emphasis on career-related experiences (i.e. work experiences, class projects, etc.) which best support your job objectives. The main objective of this resume format is to highlight the scope of experiences and accomplishments by function without mentioning the company or companies concern. In the functional resume format, additional jobs are listed in another section, placing less emphasis on these unrelated experiences.
Functional resume works well for individuals with limited education, significant employment gaps, lack of work experience, or who are applying for a position in a field that doesn't match their career experience. Therefore, this is a good resume format for recent graduates and career changers.
Samples for Functional Resume
Resume Format 3 - Combination Resume
A combination/creative resume is simply one that combines elements from the other resume formats already described. For example, you may choose to add a skills category to a chronological resume or focus more on your activities section to emphasize these experiences over less related work experiences. Feel free to combine elements in any of the resume samples to create a resume that fits your needs.
The combination resume is a contemporary resume style. It uses both the functional and chronological formats and combines them to give a useful hybrid of the two. The two formats may be combined in various ways that allow you to tailor the style to specific employers. If you know that an employer is conservative or conventional, you would want to use more of a chronological format and highlight fewer skills. For instance, a 75-25% mix of the two other forms. If you need to downplay irrelevant work experience, gaps in employment, etc. and you know that the employer is not particularly conservative, you may want to use a 50-50 mix or even a 75% functional and 25% chronological format. By using this format, you are utilizing the advantages of both of the other resume formats.
Samples of Combination Resume